Anaemia is a disease characterised by a decrease in hemoglobin and the number of red blood cells in the blood. It can be detected only by tests. Treatment depends on many factors such as the causes of the disease, presence of concomitant diseases, gender and age. If the disease is ignored, the body's defences against infections are reduced, the physical and mental condition worsens, and the risk of cardiovascular problems increases.
Symptoms of anaemia
- very pale skin;
- severe hair loss;
- white spots on the nails; brittle nail plate;
- the appearance of microcracks in the corners of the mouth;
- decreased physical activity, rapid fatigability;
- constant sleepiness;
- pain in the heart area;
- menstrual disorders in women.
The diagnosis of anaemia can be made with a detailed blood test. It determines the number of red blood cells, hemoglobin level, volume of red blood cells and other indicators. Your doctor will also examine your skin and mucous membranes. If the patient has concomitant chronic diseases, additional examinations will be prescribed.
To restore your haemoglobin to normal volume, your doctor may recommend a change in your diet with more vitamins and trace elements. If the anaemia is severe, medication is prescribed to raise the level of iron in the blood. The doctor will also advise on how to prevent anaemia in the future.
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