A myocardial infarction or heat attack is a condition in which the cells of the heart muscle die due to oxygen deprivation. If ignored or not treated in time, it can be fatal. Heart attacks are more common in men over the age of 40.
Causes of heart attack
- diabetes mellitus;
- regular high blood pressure;
- abuse of alcoholic drinks, smoking;
- frequent stress;
- peripheral vascular disease.
Stages of a heart attack
- acute - care must be provided as soon as possible otherwise it may be fatal;
- acute - lasts for the first 24 hours and can cause side-effects if not treated properly;
- sub-acute - lasts for a month, this is when the heart recovers, so it is important to be gentle;
- scarring - can last for years.
Symptoms of a heart attack
- pain in the heart area;
- pallor of the skin;
- low blood pressure;
- panic fear of dying.
If a heart attack is suspected, an ambulance must be called to provide qualified medical care and transport to an in-patient facility. The Universum Clinic team has all the necessary modern equipment for emergency care.
After the acute stage has passed, a cardiologist should be consulted to prescribe supportive therapy, prevent complications, as well as recommendations on rehabilitation and the prevention of recurrence of myocardial infarction.