Breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer death among women in the world. Recently, the incidence of breast cancer has increased, even in adolescence.
The advantages of the ultrasound examination does not require prior training painlessness and no exposure to radiation. Ultrasound is used both separately and in combination with other diagnostic methods. Ultrasound examination of the mammary glands is performed at any age, as well as in pregnant women and during breastfeeding.
Indications for ultrasound:
- inflammation and injury of the mammary glands
- change in the skin on the chest
- change in the size of glands and their shape
- chest discomfort not related to the menstrual cycle
- the appearance of discharge from the nipples
- diagnosis of formations and seals detected by palpation and mammography
- pregnancy planning, pregnancy, lactation
- thyroid problems
- selection of hormonal contraceptives
- the presence of gynecological diseases and ovarian dysfunction
- after hormonal therapy (ovarian stimulation, medical abortion)
- breast implants
- examination of the breasts in men (with suspicion of gynecomastia, tumors)
- enlargement of the axillary lymph nodes
- burdened heredity
Examination of the mammary glands is performed at any stage of the menstrual cycle and does not require prior training. However, in the presence of painful sensations in the mammary glands, it is more comfortable to conduct the examination from the 5th to the 12th day of the menstrual cycle.
Due to the development of a large number of cancers, high mortality, it is recommended to perform ultrasound every year for early diagnosis of breast diseases.