Osteoporosis (loss of bone mass) is a skeletal disease characterised by loss of bone strength, making bones brittle and fragile.
Risk factors for osteoporosis
- old age;
- hormonal imbalances;
- prolonged periods of immobility (e.g. due to trauma);
- low body weight;
- rigid diet;
- bad habits (smoking, alcohol abuse).
Diagnosis of osteoporosis
For people at risk, you should visit an orthopaedic surgeon at least once a year. But there are factors that may indicate osteoporosis: severe back or chest pain that persists for a long time, fractures of the limbs or even the spine for no apparent reason. If this is the case, you should consult an orthopaedic surgeon, who will not only be able to accurately diagnose the problem, but also prescribe therapy.
Treatment of osteoporosis
Drugs are selected based on each person's individual circumstances. This is a complex of drugs, which may include analgesics, vitamins, bisphosphonates, hormones, etc. At the same time, it is necessary to follow a special movement regime, which the physical therapist will tell you about, taking into account the degree of progression of the disease.
Wearing a special orthosis may also be recommended, which helps to stabilise the spine and prevent the disease from progressing.
Osteoporosis that has been diagnosed in time can be treated effectively. If the patient follows the doctor's advice, he or she will be able to return to his or her usual physical activity.