Nasal polyps are benign, painless growths caused by an overgrowth of nasal mucosa. Mostly, they appear as a result of chronic rhinitis. Polyps are more common for men than women.
Symptoms of polyps
- Difficulty breathing, due to nasal congestion;
- Absence or severe reduction of the sense of smell;
- Frequent sneezing;
- Severe headaches;
- Voice becomes nasal.
Using a special instrument, the rhinoscope, the otolaryngologist dilates the nostril and examines the patient's nasal cavity. This visual examination, as well as the patient's complaints, are the reasons to diagnose polyps. X-rays or a CT scan of the paranasal sinuses may also be prescribed.
Treatment of polyps
If polyps are large, nasal discharge is profuse and bloody, the symptoms cause severe discomfort, prevent you from breathing normally, and your sense of the taste and smell is completely gone, surgical removal of polyps is prescribed.
The procedure is performed under local or general anaesthesia and takes a little time. The recovery period may last up to several months, but after the removal of polyps, the patient returns to normal life and the symptoms disappear.
In order to determine whether there are polyps in the sinuses, whether they are worth operating on, and the tactics for possible prevention, it is advised to consult an experienced otolaryngologist.
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