Hypertension is a chronic illness characterised by regularly high blood pressure. It is caused by heart and liver malfunctions and problems with the regulation of vascular tone. One in five people on the planet is affected by hypertension, most often this problem affects people over the age of 40.
Causes of hypertension
- kidney disease;
- adrenal disorders;
- regular stress, repetitive psycho-emotional strain;
- work in unfavourable conditions: night shifts, loud noise;
- obesity, diabetes mellitus;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- bad habits (smoking, alcohol abuse).
Symptoms of hypertension
The main symptom is high blood pressure. In order to detect this, you need to measure your blood pressure with a blood pressure monitor. If it exceeds 130/85 - this is a reason to monitor your blood pressure more closely. If within a few days the figures remain high - you should consult a cardiologist.
In some people, high blood pressure may also be accompanied by:
- numbness in the limbs;
- redness of the face;
Diagnosis and treatment of arrhythmia
If you have symptoms of hypertension, you should come for a consultation with a cardiologist. The doctor will examine you, listen to your heart rate and measure your blood pressure. In addition, the doctor may prescribe a blood chemistry test, ECG, ultrasound of the heart and abdominal organs. Additionally, a consultation with an endocrinologist, an ophthalmologist or a neurologist may be prescribed. As a result, a therapy aimed at lowering blood pressure is prescribed.
This is a complex treatment, which includes taking medications aimed at lowering blood pressure, sedatives, if necessary. Additionally, it is necessary to follow a diet that excludes fatty, fried foods, fast food, sweets and baked goods. It is important to adhere to a rest and work schedule. All recommendations are tailored to the individual patient, but their effectiveness only depends on the patient's adherence to them.